Janet Franklin Mapping species distributions. Spatial inference and prediction
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ЕСТЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ Mapping species distributions. Spatial inference and prediction Janet Franklin. Franklin summarizes the methods used in species distribution modeling (also called niche modeling) and presents a framework for spatial prediction of species distributions based on the attributes (space, time, scale) of the data and questions being asked. These include biodiversity assessment, reserve design, habitat management, and restoration, species and habitat conservation plans and predicting the effects of environmental change on species and ecosystems.The proliferation of methods and uncertainty regarding their effectiveness can be daunting to researchers, resource managers, and conservation planners alike. Provides practicalguidelines to students, researchers, and practitioners in a broad range of environmental sciences including ecology, geography, conservation biology, and natural resources management. Maps of species distributions or habitat suitability are required for many aspects of environmental research, resource management, and conservation planning. The framework links theoretical ecological models of species distributions to spatial data on species and environment, and statistical models used for spatial prediction.